Posts Tagged ‘jakarta’

03 Feb 2014

RTRW dan RDTRK Jakarta di Pustaka Rujak

photo copyDi Pustaka Rujak sekarang ada:

RTRW Jakarta 2030 yang sudah disahkan: hardcopy dan softcopy, dalam Bahasa Inggeris dan Indonesia.

Rencana Induk Jakarta 1965-1985, RTRW Jakarta 1985-2005: softcopy

RTRW Jakarta 2010: softcopy dan hardcopy

RDTRK (Rencana Detail Tata Ruang Kota) Jakarta 2030, sudah menjadi PERDA, sedang dalam proses pemeriksanaan Kementerian Dalam Negeri: softcopy.

Yang memerlukan dapat memperbanyak di Pustaka Rujak, Gedung Ranuza Lantai 2, Jalan Timor No. 10, Jakarta 10350.

Khusus RDTRK 2030 sudah dapat di-download di sini (1.85 GB):





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07 Nov 2013

Rujak’s Library is on 20-Best-Libraries List in Jakarta


We are thrilled, that our (very!) small library that specializes in urban studies got noticed and even listed as No. 17.

And, yes we have just acquired very important volumes for it:

- Five volumes of a complete set of beautifully reproduced 48 editions of Djawa Baroe.

Djawa Baroe was a biweekly magazines published by Japanese occupying forces in Indonesia in 1943-1945. Most of well-known Indonesian modern writers, visual artists and others have published their works here. The reproduction was published in 1992.  It has an extensive introduction by Prof. Aiko Kurasawa.

- A volume of  splendidly reproduced works by Saseo Ono (1905-1954), Koempoelan Gambar-gambar Saseo Ono dalam Mengikoeti Perang di Djawa (1945), 2012. Saseo Ono was among the first Japanese visual artists to arrive in Indonesia in 1943. An introduction was given by Kosei Ono, his son, who is now a respected film critic in Japan.

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10 Oct 2013

How the Sun Helps Nairobi’s Slum Dwellers Get Clean Water Picture 9(a)[5]



Access to water is a central issue for slum dwellers around the world. Getting water is often a time-consuming endeavor that involves waiting in long lines and walking great distances. Water is often more expensive for the poor than for the wealthy, demanding a large portion of families’ budgets. In addition, the water is frequently contaminated — dirty water is responsible for 80 percent of all sickness and disease worldwide, and for 15 million child deaths each year. recently showcased several urban approaches from Jakarta, Nairobi, Rio de Janeiro, Mumbai, Mexico City, Cairo, and Dhaka that are helping ensure slum dwellers’ access to clean and affordable water.

Nairobi based campaign was initiated based on the simple principle that the best way to sanitize water is by using one of the most widely available resources to people in the southern hemisphere: the sun. This campaign utilizes cheap and reusable plastic bottles to expose water to the sun, allowing the sunlight’s UV-A rays to kill germs in the water. Although the system is not widely known, UNICEF deemed it “low-cost, effective and manageable at the household level.”

In Mumbai’s slums, a social enterprise called WaterWalla was launched to enable new safe drinking water solutions come to market effectively, efficiently and collaboratively. The pilot project focused on point-of-use filters that were sold to individual households by local entrepreneurs recruited by WaterWalla. The program also includes mentoring, education, start-up funding, and tools for businesses working with urban water issues.

As the streets flood in Jakarta during the monsoon season, the need for clean water rises, just as access gets more difficult. An Indonesian research and technology organization, BPPT, has created a mobile water-filtration system to filter and purify floodwater into clean water, which has already proved useful during the massive floods of January 2013. Picture 9(b)[5]

In response to Dhaka’s expensive and unclean water situation, a group of engineers have come up with a plan that integrates four major components: socio-economic issues, biophysical issues, institutional issues, and water quality issues. The group recommends several possibilities to recycle and reuse water. Some, like the rainwater harvesting and reclaiming, have already been implemented to great success.

The Iztapalapa neighborhood in Mexico City does not have publicly supplied access to clean water. Private water companies deliver water in trucks instead, and at a much higher cost compared to government-supplied water in other neighborhoods. To address this problem, one of the strategies being implemented involves a system of artificial wells that collect and make available clean water during the rainy season.

In Cairo, an initiative has been started to educate students about the severity of water problems in Egypt and to introduce water conservation methods and environmentally friendly, sustainable solutions. The program started with a core group of students, who then traveled to other areas to spread their knowledge, thereby increasing the program’s reach and efficacy.

Thanks to initiatives like these, the UN’s Millennium Development Goals Report shows that access to safe drinking has improved. Still, nearly one billion people lack safe sources of drinking water. Continuing to implement campaigns and to explore new approaches to improve water access and sanitation around the world will remain a global priority until basic water needs are adequately and universally met. Please join us on  to read more about these initiatives and to join the conversation.


*This article is sent by is the global online network “for just and inclusive cities,” connects practitioners, urban planners and policy makers in the Global South to establish an international community of practice. They share best practices to scale working solutions to the problem of urban poverty. An initiative of the Ford Foundation, it is managed by San Francisco-based Dallant Networks and currently covers ten cities: Mumbai, Bangalore, Jakarta, Dhaka, Cairo, Lagos, Nairobi, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.


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09 Aug 2013

Open Call : Peserta Workshop Kreativitas dan Kesiapsiagaan Bencana




Rujak Center for Urban Studies memanggil individu kreatif dari Jakarta, Yogyakarta dan Makassar untuk terlibat dalam workshop “Kreativitas dan Kesiapsiagaan Bencana”
Workshop ini unik karena ingin memaksimalkan peran kreativitas dalam penyiapan kebencanaan.
Workshop ini didukung oleh The Japan Foundation dan melibatkan peserta dengan beragam latar belakang; penyintas, kelompok kreatif, dan pemerintah yang berasal dari beragam wilayah; Aceh, Sumatera Barat, Jakarta, Yogyakarta dan Makassar.
Waktu dan Tempat Workshop:
31 Agustus – 2 September 2013
di Bumi Pemuda Rahayu (BPR)
Desa Munthuk, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Persyaratan Peserta :
1. kreatif
2. Tertarik pada isu kebencanaan
3. Bersedia berbuat sesuatu terkait kesiapsiagaan bencana di kota masing-masing
Bagi individu yang tertarik dapat mengirimkan proposal dan CV/Portfolio
paling lambat 17 Agustus 2013 ke alamat email atau
Bagi individu yang terpilih akan mendapatkan undangan dan hadir atas biaya sepenuhnya dari panitia.

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06 Aug 2013

Slums and Service Delivery for the Urban Poor

Photo by Roberto Rocco

Photo by Roberto Rocco


Co-authored by Jill Finlayson


Whether due to resource constraints, capacity constraints, lack of urban planning and management or lack of political will, many cities struggle to keep up with the increasing demand of an exploding urban population. Judy Baker, a Lead Economist from the World Bank Institute’s Urban Practice, recently hosted a conversation on the World Banks’ Striking Poverty site about slums and service delivery to the urban poor. The discussion showcased innovative approaches to inclusive development, data and planning tools and informal value chains.

For Sheela Patel, Chair of Slum/Shack Dwellers International, the most important aspect of transforming the poverty agenda is engaging the poor in the design and execution of the “transformation we seek to develop from the outside.” Her organization, SDI, is a “laboratory for creating that critical local, national, and international voice of the urban poor to engage with their mayors, politicians, technical professionals, city and state administrations, and global development agencies.” Patel explains that the capacity to engage, to co-create and co-produce is lacking in all those actors, including the urban poor. In building this capacity, Patel explains, “no one stakeholder can produce transformation, yet change in one stakeholder can bring about change in others.”

3 million of São Paulo’s 11 million inhabitants live in irregular settlements or slums, and 80 percent of the Brazilian population lives in cities, according to Tereza Herling, Municipal Ad-Secretary of Urban Development, City of São Paulo. To face this growing challenge, the Municipal Housing Secretary developed HABISP , a comprehensive housing information system used to prioritize investments and projects in slum upgrading programs. About 3,000 irregular settlements and slums are mapped in the system, along with information on infrastructure, risk areas and socioeconomic and health conditions. This data was used to prepare the Municipal Housing Plan, which was then discussed and refined with residents’ participation.

Because housing in many cities is too meager to serve the large numbers in need, it tends to be appropriated by better-off groups, leaving “encroaching on land and building housing incrementally as the only option,” Sheela explains. Consequently, “informal settlements are places where private investment has long outrun public infrastructure,” according to Melanie Walker, Deputy Director for Special Initiatives at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Informal but sophisticated value chains have sprung up, and small operators provide water, electricity, solid waste collection and even sanitation. Because these services are essential, slum dwellers must buy them, “even though they are unpredictable, of dubious quality and expensive.”

As Sheela emphasized, community engagement is an essential first step toward improving service delivery in slums. Melanie elaborates: “This is more than demand aggregation; it is business-model creation. Community members become service providers, protectors, repairers, conservers, and even innovators.” In Dhaka, a group called Waste Concern, uses a decentralized solid waste management process. “Remarkably, this works economically” says Walker. “Collectors, sorters, vendors and processors get paid for their efforts and working conditions improve. Cities get cleaner. Landfills get smaller.”

This concept was reinforced by other contributors who provided more than a dozen examples of innovative, inclusive programs including: CLIFF, bridging housing gaps, LabourNet, bridging the transition from informal to formal employment and Change by Design, bridging the communication gap between planners and residents.

Engaging slum dwellers in both planning and implementing solutions improves outcomes for residents and for the city. Yet significant challenges to scaling the capacity to co-create remain.

Visit for ten memorable quotes from the Striking Poverty conversation to see the range of issues shared around the need for data, opportunities for public-private partnerships, the issue of trust, scalability (and why few of the existing good ideas go to scale), ICT for giving the poor a voice and what should be next for the Millennium Development Goals.


*This article is sent by is the global online network “for just and inclusive cities,” connects practitioners, urban planners and policy makers in the Global South to establish an international community of practice. They share best practices to scale working solutions to the problem of urban poverty. An initiative of the Ford Foundation, it is managed by San Francisco-based Dallant Networks and currently covers ten cities: Mumbai, Bangalore, Jakarta, Dhaka, Cairo, Lagos, Nairobi, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.



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16 Jul 2013

Cerita-Cerita : Smart City The Next Generation




Selama 10 (sepuluh hari) Aedes East- International Forum for Contemporary Architecture NPO dan ANCB The Metropolitan Laboratory di Berlin menyelenggarakan pameran, simposium dan bengkel kerja dengan tema Smart City: The Next Generation (Focus South East Asia). Acara tersebut dibuka pada tanggal 7 Juni 2013, menjadi ajang kumpul kecerdasan yang terjadi dan terakumulasi di kota-kota di Asia Tenggara: Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Bandung, Singapura, Phnom Penh, Hanoi, Saigon, Manila, dan lainnya. Acara ini bukan hanya berlangsung di bulan Juni 2013, tetapi telah dimulai sejak awal tahun 2013, melalui proses bengkel kerja Smart City di tiga kota; Manila, Phnom Penh dan Jakarta. 12 orang muda mengikuti workshop di Jakarta, dan menghasilkan 12 ide cerdas untuk Jakarta Cerdas yang sudah dipresentasikan pada 13 Januari 2013 di GoetheHaus.

Tiga dari 12 peserta itu, yaitu Andreas “anex” Wibisono, Robin Hartanto dan Syarfina Nadila, mendapat kesempatan menghadiri Simposium, pameran dan bengkel kerja di Berlin pada 7 -10 Juni 2013 .

Sebagai wujud aksi berbagi pengetahuan, ketiga peserta Smart City Workshop Jakarta itu akan membagi cerita mereka dalam acara bertajuk : Cerita-cerita Pameran, Simposium dan Lokakarya : Smart City The Next Generation (Focus South East Asia) yang akan diadakan pada :

Hari/Tanggal : Jumat, 19 Juli 2012

Waktu : 16.00 – 17.30 WIB

Tempat : GoetheHaus Auditorium,  Jl. Sam Ratulangi No 9 – 15, Menteng


Silahkan hadir.

Untuk informasi atau pendaftaran, dapat menghubungi :



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11 Jul 2013

Floating Schools and Green Mortgages: Constructions to Help the Urban Poor


 resource: NLE (

resource: NLE (


As slums, schools, and homes are designed and built in cities across the developing world, the urban poor are making use of new and innovative approaches to construction. A key element is sustainability: many of these approaches make better use of local materials, use energy and water more efficiently, and reduce waste and pollution. But sustainability is not the only prerequisite for success. Community input and collective decision-making, for instance, contribute to more favorable outcomes. Can these techniques be used successfully in other cities? Read on to see examples of innovative approaches to construction in Lagos, Nairobi, Mumbai, Mexico City, and Rio de Janeiro — then discuss the scalability of these approaches on , the platform for just and inclusive cities.

In Lagos , Makoko Slum — where many houses are built on stilts over the polluted, dark waters of the waterfront and lagoon — is perceived as a development blight and hurdle to the city’s development. To counter this perception, and to adapt innovatively to challenging circumstances, an urban planning firm has designed a prototype school to float on Makoko’s waters. The school, currently under construction, employs modern green principles that coincide with local inspirations and the community’s own methods for adapting to their environment.


In Nairobi, old construction methods were combined with new designs to build a school in the city’s slum. The primary school was built in a low-cost, eco-friendly way, and as a collaborative effort between slum residents and architect volunteers. Instead of using increasingly popular — but expensive and polluting — industrial construction materials, the team employed a traditional rammed-earth construction method, using cheap and environmentally friendly, readily available resources.


The Indian government’s plan for turning Mumbai  into a “world-class city” ignores 60 percent of the population who live in informal settlements. Instead of ignoring them, some programs help these slum residents improve their homes, by providing them with ready-mix concrete, which is of higher quality than concrete mixed on site, and technical assistance to enhance construction laborers’ skill sets. And instead of slum rehab schemes involving resettlement, organizations advocate for a multi-faceted approach including the rationalization of building codes.


The Mexican  federal government has developed a housing policy called the Green Mortgage (Hipoteca Verde), which promotes sustainability through a credit model initiative: it’s a technology package that consists of increasing the amount of credit needed to acquire housing, in order to use energy-efficient technologies to reduce water and energy consumption. Higher mortgage payments are compensated for by lower energy and water costs. These technology solutions — such as solar heaters, energy-saving lamps, water-saving valves, thermal insulation and high efficiency air conditioners — result in up to 48 percent savings on energy consumption. Not only does this program lower a household’s energy expenditure and reduce pollution, it also fosters a culture of saving, and protects citizens’ access to housing.


Rede Sarah Hospital in Rio

Rede Sarah Hospital in Rio


The Rede Sarah Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, is a recent example of a design-oriented public building recognized not only for its impressive design, but also for the high-quality rehabilitation and physiotherapeutic services it provides, free of charge. The construction has abundant open-air spaces that take advantage of the city’s good weather and promote outdoor therapies and workouts. The special aluminum materials used in several parts of the building contribute to improving ventilation, and the structure also allows for plenty of natural light to stream through the building, all of which is uncommon in hospitals.

As these examples show, thoughtful construction is possible, affordable, and can make a difference when it comes to the urban poor’s schools, homes, and hospitals. Join us on, the global community for just and inclusive cities, to read more on this topic and to add to the conversation.


*This article is sent by is the global online network “for just and inclusive cities,” connects practitioners, urban planners and policy makers in the Global South to establish an international community of practice. They share best practices to scale working solutions to the problem of urban poverty. An initiative of the Ford Foundation, it is managed by San Francisco-based Dallant Networks and currently covers ten cities: Mumbai, Bangalore, Jakarta, Dhaka, Cairo, Lagos, Nairobi, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.


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09 Jul 2013

Give the Urban Poor Opportunity, Not Just Charity


Providing the poor and marginalized with employment is the best way to help them lift themselves out of poverty. In addition to creating jobs for the marginalized, handicapped, or incarcerated, some programs can reduce the barriers the poor face when it comes to successful employment. Providing them with the tools to help themselves is in many ways more compassionate, and certainly more empowering, than any charity program. Check out these reports from five megacities — then join us on to continue the conversation.


Rio de Janeiro is in the midst of preparing to host the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympic Games in 2016. In order to have more skilled workers available during the mega events, the government has put in place two significant initiatives. It is expanding childcare facilities to encourage both parents to take work opportunities as opposed to just one of them. And it is promoting free skill-formation courses in partnership with several training institutions and NGOs, including English courses. By improving employability and skills during these big, global events, the government is also creating long-term capacities to help families overcome poverty.


Information and communication technologies are unevenly distributed across Jakarta, meaning that the poor have limited technological access and tech skills needed to be employable. IT activist Onno W. Purbo has pioneered a computer network system that allows for very affordable Internet access. With online access, the poor are empowered to bridge the digital divide and hopefully increase their employability.


In Lagos, the spread of technology has been key in leveling the playing field in terms of access to information. For example, the innovative @Gidi_Traffic Twitter account provides up-to-date information on Lagos’ traffic conditions. In a city well known for its crawling, bumper-to-bumper traffic, this local initiative has identified a challenge (lack of information on traffic conditions) and found a way to address it through social media. @Gidi_Traffic saves people time, money, and gas, and helps them get to work on time.


Many of the blind in Mumbai face a double stigma of economic and social exclusion, as disabilities perpetuate a poverty trap and push the poor further from access to education, employment, and healthcare. One effective program is a spa called Mettaa (“loving compassion” in Hindi), which employs only blind people to give reflexology massages. Employing the blind lets them be self-sufficient and provide for their families, which also raises their sense of belonging to society.


There are 40,979 prisoners in Mexico City, most of which have no way to make an income. A recent Reintegration Program offers prisoners a second chance through remote employment. Employing prisoners has shown to create positive habits like discipline, responsibility, and commitment. By developing skills and supporting their families, prisoners lower their chance of recidivism, thus breaking the cycle of poverty and crime.


As these examples show, innovations, such as childcare facilities, technological innovations, or skills training, can help the urban poor with employment. Do you know of other successful tools? Please join the conversation about work innovations on the global community for just and inclusive cities.


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09 Jul 2013

Koleksi Buku RCUS: Kota-Kota di Indonesia

Berikut adalah resensi dari 4 buku koleksi Rujak mengenai kota Makassar, Kendari, Jakarta dan Yogyakarta dari berbagai aspek seperti ekonomi, sejarah, politik dan sosial. Buku dapat dipinjam di Perpustakaan Rujak dengan menghubungi

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18 Jun 2013

Powering Change for the Urban Poor: ‘Devils’ and Coin-Operated Electricity for Slum Dwellers


picture by

picture by


Seventy-nine percent of people living in developing countries don’t have access to electricity. Of those who do, many acquire it illegally, leading to financial, legal and safety issues. Sustainable, plentiful and affordable energy is a global issue, but it reaches even greater importance in the developing world, where the question of affordability is critical. Programs working on energy in the context of informal urban communities often offer ways to provide electricity in slums, or focus on giving the poor incentives to obtain power legally. Read on for six examples from Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, Lagos, Nairobi, Mumbai and Jakarta.

In Mumbai, many slum areas have access to electricity, but the illegal connections come through middlemen who charge exorbitant rates, leaving many in the dark for many hours of the day. A group of college students heard about a simple, affordable lighting solution being experimented with in other parts of the world and decided to test it in Mumbai’s slums. The idea is to take 1.5 liter plastic bottles, fill them with water and bleach and then seal the container with glue to secure the elements inside. The students then hoist the bottles from a hole they drill in shack rooftops so that the bottle is half inside and half outside. The principles of refraction of light allow sunlight, as it passes through the bottle, to illuminate the inside of the houses. As long as the sun is out — in Mumbai, nearly the entire year — the homes will have full days of free light. While this solution is not the full answer to electrification in slums, this innovative approach is quick, low-cost, and environmentally friendly.

In Jakarta, street vendors use illegal and dangerous electricity connections when working at night. The state electricity company is piloting a new program where street vendors can buy small, affordable amounts of electricity through a coin-operated device. For 1,000 Indonesian Rupiah (about USD $0.10), consumers receive 900 watts of power for 30 minutes. When they run out, they can insert another coin, like using a pay phone. Although the program is in its beginning phases, it holds much promise in encouraging street vendors to use safe and legal electricity connections.

Energy theft is a huge issue in Mexico City, resulting in losses of nine billion pesos a year. Electricity is stolen and re-sold by informal electricity merchandisers, known as diablitos, or “devils.” The state electricity department has launched a project to disconnect illegal electrical installations, and replace them with regular power outlets. However, the diablitos are resisting this transition to paying the full commercial rate, and have been reconnecting illegally. The federal government runs another program that gives households living in poverty 50 pesos (about USD $4) every two months to pay for electricity bills. Although this program is not intended for commercial activity, it is an example of an initiative that could support and encourage the diablitos in their regularization process.

Rio de Janeiro has achieved good coverage of basic services, but the next big challenges include affordability, and incentivizing low-income families to “go legal” and pay for their services. The federal government recently launched a subsidy to offer low-income families discounted electricity bills. Families earning up to half of the monthly minimum wage are eligible for a discount ranging from 10 to 65 percent of their bill, depending on their level of consumption. Around 150,000 families already benefit from this subsidy, but there are an estimated 250,000 more eligible families who do not. Progress remains to be made, but Rio is well on its way to expanding affordable electricity and reducing illegal connections.

Lagos’ power outages are widespread and consistent, prompting the launch of a new waste-to-energy initiative. Waste is stored and then heated; the heat boils the water, which powers a turbine that in turn produces electricity. This initiative produces clean energy with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, supports the recycling of waste and provides an energy alternative instead of consistent shortages.

Another sustainable alternative exists in Nairobi: a small enterprise has pioneered the technique of converting discarded or unusable charcoal waste into fuel briquettes from raw materials sourced from local dealers and retailers. However, as they are made from recycled materials, they are inevitably more expensive than those made from unlicensed charcoal. Unless the government forces compliance with environmental laws, it will be impossible to make them cheap enough for domestic consumption at the lower end of the market.

Water and bleach. Coin-operated devices. Government subsidies. Waste-to-energy initiatives. Do you know of other ways to deliver electricity to the urban poor? Have you heard of other solutions? Please join the conversation about energy and informality on, the global community for just and inclusive cities.


*This article is sent by is the global online network “for just and inclusive cities,” connects practitioners, urban planners and policy makers in the Global South to establish an international community of practice. They share best practices to scale working solutions to the problem of urban poverty. An initiative of the Ford Foundation, it is managed by San Francisco-based Dallant Networks and currently covers ten cities: Mumbai, Bangalore, Jakarta, Dhaka, Cairo, Lagos, Nairobi, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.

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