Posts Tagged ‘organic farming’


25 May 2010

Balai Warga and Kebun Wisata Tanaman Obat

Text and Pictures by Anggriani Arifin.

Fostering a communal sense of home amongst Community of RW 09, Kelurahan Pondok Kelapa, Jakarta Timur:  What was the background of the initiative?

It begins when the community of RW 09, Kelurahan Pondok Kelapa felt the demand to have a secretariat’s office for daily administrative matters. Having located in a state-owned housing complex, the neighbourhood was in luck as there was a vacant land that was already allocated for social facility. With an area of over 500 square meters, the previous idea took a turn and elaborated into having a multi-function assembly hall. A series of lobbying process took place and finally the PD. Sarana Jaya approved the proposal with construction stage kick-started in 2003.

When Balai Warga comes into place…

The hall evoked community’s enthusiasms and became the manifestation of the RW officials’ humble intention, which is to ensure that every resident has a genuine sense of ownership toward their neighbourhood with a commonly-used public place. The effort to create a functioning public place was reflected in the name the community reffered to the assembly hall, which is “Balai Warga” in the hoped that in the truest sense belongs to every residents of the neighbourhood. The place could be utilize not only for community meetings, but the place was also open to be reserved for badminton games, weddings, private function, Karang Taruna and PKK agenda and any other social activities.

In light of such spirit, every phase in the construction process was self-organized and self-funded by the community. The building was 371 square meters, well-designed and facing the neighbourhood’s basketball field. The initiative had invited a relatively large attention and able to gain supports from the  local government. In 2007, Balai Warga had reached its final completion and the community of RW 09 began to enjoy the presence of a representable, comfortable and usable social facility  that is at the same time, informative on the neighbourhood’s activity.

Making neighborhood a home…

Balai Warga’s construction had fueled RW officials’ motivation to continue making betterment to the neighborhood.

Community-based Solid-Waste Management and Biopori Holes. In 2005, the buzz of community-based solid waste management reached the area, a site visit to pioneering Kelurahan Rawajati, South Jakarta was made. To make the neighbourhood environmentally-conscious by managing their solid waste was in response to the area’s vulnerability to flood and the lacking capacity of the surrounded transit disposal sites. The idea was very simple. Residents separate the waste, following the well-known organic, non-organic and toxic waste typology although for practicality, the residents were only expected to separate based on waste that was compost-material, recyclable to be given to scavengers and kinds that could not be utilize for either purpose, should be put in the waste residue category.  The seemingly easy task has proven to be quite difficult to be followed by the residents. Up to now, only a minority group in RW 09 who separated their waste. A short-term solution was proposed. The waste would be separated in a solid management post near the Balai Warga, cooperating with surrounding scavengers who were hired as staff. Although behavior changes was still encouraged, but the method had kept the composting production on-going and motivates the community to start separating waste.

For the composting process, the community of RW 09 opted for a simple method after a series of consultation and visit, The process of turning the organic waste into compost take within a 6-7 week period, with phases comprising of waste separation, aging, turning, sprinkling, and riping. The high points of this method is that it does not require incenerator, without using bio activator, does not produce odour and does not invite flies. Using this method, the compost production can now reach up to 200 bags per week, with selling price of Rp. 3000,- per bag.

In addition to the initiative, the RW officials also utilized biopori methods to reduce waste production and reducing flood risk (the neighbourhood occasionally suffered from flood risk, although a river embankment and dredging initiative of nearby Jati Kramat river in 2007-2008 had significantly overcome the threat). Up to 300 biopori holes were made around parks and main roads in the neighbourhood.

Kebun Wisata Tanaman Obat  (Agritourism Herbal Garden) and Green Spaces. The idea was to create an icon for the community that they can be proud of and would like to take part in its success. Located next to Balai Warga, the herbal garden was open for site visits, an information centre on herbs, its benefits and usage, increase awareness on natural health remedies, and as a functioning green space which can be enjoyed by the community.

The garden was built on a 5000 square metre land, and was self funded by the residents. It possessed up to ninety (90) types of herbal plants that was grown there. This effort was assisted by the ASPETRI (associaton of traditional herbs producers of Indonesia). A bamboo-made saung was also constructed with the idea that the residents can reserve the place for lunch, meetings or simply to have family moments overlooking the gardens and the balai warga. The overall idea was to ensure that the garden could really be utilized by the community.

To further creating livability, community were encouraged to have green plants in front of their home and on almost every streets within the neighbourhood. To add tidiness, the trotoirs were repainted and pots of plants were also put on the main streets, as well as making green spaces in idle lands.

Creating  Livability

The message that was continuously buzzed in the neighbourhood management is that a clean is the key to a healthy and comfortable living environment, in which community’s participation in maintaining the condition is pivotal. To keep the neighbourhood alive, community activities were highly encouraged, with routines like RW siaga (to combat dengue fever), kerja bakti (voluntary community work), independence day’s events trail, aerobics, and others, as well as incidentals such as Kampung Anti Narkoba (anti-drugs kampung) movement by building Anti-Narkoba posts accross the area. A monthly newsletter, Warta 09¸ were also circulated to keep every resident informed and acknowledged as part of the community.

Initiatives like one that RW 09 have, certainly would not take place without the work of a rigorous and dedicated RW officials as well as a supportive community. However, it would also never take place if there was no intention to nurture partnership amongst residents and the Rukun Warga (RW) official in making the neighbourhood becomes a home, instead of mere space, to be shared together. The community of RW 09, as well as many communities in DKI Jakarta, had proven that this simple intention is enough to ignite significant changes in any neighborhood.


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01 Feb 2010

Tokyo Green Space

http://tokyogreenspace.com/

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19 Jan 2010

Undangan Seminar: “Sustainable Urbanism and Its Challenges to Civil Society.”

Hari/Tanggal : Jumat/5 Februari 2010
Pukul : 14:00
Tempat : Aula The Japan Foundation Jakarta

The Japan Foundation mengundang anda untuk hadir dalam acara Ceramah Kebudayaan yang akan diberikan oleh mantan ketua Pengurus Harian Dewan Kesenian Jakarta, bapak Marco Kusumawijaya.

Beliau baru saja kembali pada bulan Desember 2009, dari kunjungan dua bulannya ke Jepang atas undangan the Japan Foundation dan International House of Japan. Dari hasil kunjungan tersebut, beliau mendapatkan banyak tambahan pengetahuan dan wawasan yang menarik dalam bidang kebudayaan dan kesenian, yang hendak ia bagi kepada orang-orang di Indonesia.

Acara Ceramah Kebudayaan ini adalah untuk membagi hal-hal yang ia lihat dan dapatkan di Jepang, yang ia harapkan dapat menambah kaya wawasan kebudayaan di Indonesia

Hadir mendampingi beliau adalah dua orang pakar sebagai berikut:

  1. Dr. Bachtiar Alam, Antropolog dan Direktur Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (DRPM) Universitas Indonesia.
  2. Latipah Hendarti, Ph.D Students Ecological Economy, Department of Forest Sciences, Seoul National University.

Acara ini gratis dan terbuka untuk umum. Untuk pendaftaran dan informasi lebih lanjut, silahkan hubungi Dipo di (021) 520 1266.

Tempat terbatas!

Profil Singkat Marco Kusumawijaya

Marco Kusumawijaya, Ketua Pengurus Harian  Dewan Kesenian Jakarta saat ini, adalah seorang arsitek yang juga aktif dalam bidang tata kota, pelestarian lingkungan hidup, seni, dan pembangunan berkelanjutan. Beliau diundang pada bulan September hingga November 2009 yang lalu ke Jepang, dalam Asia Leadership Fellow Program yang diselenggarakan oleh the Japan Foundation dan Intenational House of Japan.

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18 Dec 2009

After 35 years of organic farming in Takahata: An Ordinance

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After more than 35 years of organic farming, the town of Takahata got an ordinance to promote “safe” food production and consumption.

Mr. Hoshi, now in his 70’s, started it young, when he was in his late 30’s in 1973. He and a few friends were concerned by the damage caused by intensive use of chemical and machineries, the result of the then agricultural policy taking place all over the world, in a hurry to create a misguided “green revolution” that still lingers with us in many parts of the world. They were particularly moved also by the fact that many of their farmer colleaques got sick. They became winners when a bad weather caused low yield in many non-organic farms, while their organic harvest remained robust.

Takahata, a farmer small town in the Yamagata Prefecture, two hours by Shinkanzen north of Tokyo, has since long been a special rice producing area. In the time of Shogunate it enjoyed a privilege of being under direct control by the highest authority, and supplied the imperial families. Its youth, of which Mr. Hoshi is but a contemporary example, has been known from the old time as active and courageous in voicing their views on agriculture. This proved to be an important social capital for them to make another fundamental turn in modern time: going (back!) organic.

By now organic farming has reached about 50% of the total area in Takahata. It is actually never enough, because an organic farm could easily be harmed by a non-organic farm next to it. Distribution of the organic produce depends very much on intimate relationship between the farmers and their customers, based on trust and total disclosure of the context of production, so that the later know exactly how organic their foods are, and how there are still factors beyond their control.

And Mr. Hoshi and his colleagues have been fighting all the time for “all-organic” Takahata and the world. He said in a typical Japanese well-spirited paradox, “I am entering my old age, so I have to be very active to convey what I have learned to you, younger generations.” He indulged in speaking continuously for almost 90 minutes to us, students of Hitotsubashi University under Prof. Yoshiko Ashiwa and the 7 fellows of Asian Leaders Fellowship Programme (ALFP) organised by Japan Foundation and the International House of Japan (Koksai Bunka Kaikan). Definitely to our benefits.

I did not have the opportunity to work in Mr. Hoshi’s farm, but in another farm belonging to Mr Watanabe, another organic farmer leader of younger generation in his 50’s. He owns one of the largerst organic farms in Takahata. I worked with Mrs Watanabe wrapping celery (don’t squatt! But just bow, said Watanabe-san), harvesting Cambodian pumpkins and the red-beans, making me feel deserving some ogura ice cream. That is enough to illustrate that organic farming is labour intensive. One of Mrs Watanabe’s specialisations is weeding. And there are a lot of know-how’s in it. While it is good to weed wild grasses and other plants next to the celeries in mid-October, don’t weed those among the peanuts, because you might destroy the roots (that will bear the nuts) that are then just growing into the soil. Although only a small fraction of Mrs Watanabe ‘s rice harvest is used by her own family, she has only 20 customers for her organic vegetables and fruit, delivered weekly or bi-weekly. A challenge to engineers around the wolrd: create more small machines that do not use fossil fuel to operate nicely and specifically for each function among the precious organic plants.

Given that history, and the global context of changing our agricuture to organic as one important part of total change towards sustainable living, The Takahata Food and Agriculture Ordinance (enacted in September 2008 and enforced since April 2009) is an important culmination into institutionalisation. Its significance comes from the fact that its contents are already being practiced.
It spelled out “Fundamental Principles” (translation by Junko Ikeda, the International House of Japan):

• Respect the local food culture and tradition and promote local production for local consumption by utilizing local resources and increase the rate of food self-sufficiency.
• Streamline the agricultural environment where producers can pursue agriculture with motivation and seek to recruit those who would work in this field.
• Promote the understanding of the importance of food and agriculture by the citizens of Takahata and promote local production for local consumption in households and localities as well as food education.
• Regarding the production of agricultural products, promote technology etc. that will not present any risk of contamination of farms and food safety.
• Work for the production of food using the multi-functions of agriculture and transform farming and mountain villages into places for living and interacting.

It stipulates promotion of agriculture in harmony with nature, that the former must preserve nature (not deplete it as resource). It commands a new way of seeing agriculture as part of an integrated “landscape” and environment (which in Japanese culture has a respectfully deeper, if not even mystical, sense), to include traditions of agriculture such as a function of land preservation, formation of landscape, and prevention of global warming, and promotion of the interaction between cities and farm villages.

It aims at stable supply of “safe” food, and increasing food self sufficiency rate in the localities, through promotion of local production for local consumption by among other things requiring the use of local food products in public institutions, and promotion of food education involving households, schools and local community.

It also demands regulation on genetically modified food and efforts for promotion of organic farming. It tries to “sell” better through branding and maintaining standard by certification: branding of food products. And it calls for an establishment of “Takahata Shoku to Noh no Machizukuri Iinkai” (Committee for Takahata Food and Agriculture Town Management” to do research on food safety and agriculture and to examine the provisions of the Food and Agriculture Town Management.

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30 Nov 2009

Taman Sringanis: Sekeping Surga di Tepi Kota

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Oleh: Fika Frieda Auliany untuk www.rujak.org

Terlepas dari hiruk pikuk dan kepadatan kota Jakarta, terdapat suatu tempat bernama Taman Sringanis, terletak di Cipaku, Bogor Selatan. Berbeda dengan taman biasa pada umumnya, taman ini bukan sembarang taman bunga, melainkan taman pengembangan, konservasi dan pelestarian tanaman obat. Kini terkumpul kurang lebih 500 macam tanaman berkhasiat, mengelilingi rumah mungil di atas tanah seluas 1000 m2. Rumah mungil tersebut diperuntukan untuk diskusi, pelatihan dan pelayanan kesehatan.

Dengan pemandangan Gunung Salak yang terlukis indah pada saat menginjakan kaki di depan pintu pagar yang menyambut terbuka, terlihat berbagai macam tanaman berbaris dengan rapih di sekitar halaman, lengkap dengan papan nama serta khasiat kegunaannya. Terdapat tanaman Keladi Tikus, Iris Versicolor, Kembang Coklat, Mistuba, Ceplikan dsb. Semua tanaman tersebut merupakan tanaman obat-obatan yang dirawat secara rapih oleh pengelolanya.

Taman Sringanis didirikan pada tahun 1982 dan dikelola oleh pasangan suami istri bernama Putu Oka Sukanta dan Endah Lasmadiwati yang merupakan Akupunturis. Nama taman tersebut terinspirasi dari nama Ni Ketut Taman dan Ni Ketut Sringanis, kedua wanita yang merupakan Ibunda dan Bu’de dari Bapak Putu, wanita yang paling berarti di dalam hidupnya.

Tidak hanya tempat pengembangan, konservasi dan pelestarian tanaman obat saja, namun taman juga merupakan tempat pengobatan untuk berbagai penyakit. Tempat ini berusaha menanamkan nilai-nilai penting untuk meningkatkan kesadaran masyarakat agar dapat mengatasi masalah kesehatan dengan cara tradisional dan alami. Karena pada saat itu, masyarakat sangat tergantung pada farmasi dan obat-obatan kimia yang kian banyak beredar.

Mereka percaya setiap individu memiliki potensi energi natural killer dibadannya atau pengobatan secara alami yaitu dengan cara meditasi, dzikir, dan meningkatkan energi positif dalam tubuhnya-. Oleh karena itu terdapat dua macam faktor yang diperlukan oleh manusia dalam pengobatan yaitu dari faktor lingkungan dan penyembuhan dari diri sendiri (individual self care). Dengan metode tersebut, taman ini berharap dapat meningkatkan inner potency yang dimiliki tiap individu dan dengan dibantu faktor dari luar. Dan taman ini juga menyediakan bahan-bahan pengobatan yang dapat membantu meningkatkan kesehatan tubuh dan ramah lingkungan.

Terdapat resep dan ramuan-ramuan tradisional untuk berbagai macam penyakit untuk masyarakat yangmana diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kesadaran diri untuk tetap sehat dan menyebarluaskan kepada masyarakat sekitar. Dengan memakai bahan-bahan alami, maka masyarakat dapat mengatasi masalah kesehatannya dan menanamkan konsep makanan dan minuman adalah obat, dan obat adalah makanan dan minuman.

Kedua pemilik taman Sringanis ini mengumpulkan berbagai macam tanaman obat-obatan dari pelosok daerah dan dari luar negeri dalam kegiatan berdialog mereka mengenai kesehatan, selama mengunjungi pelosok-pelosok daerah, mereka juga mendapatkan banyak pengetahuan tentang kesehatan dari masyarakat setempat mengenai tanaman obat dan fungsi-fungsinya.

Dengan mempunyai kondisi tempat yang asri dan udara yang bersih, maka tanaman-tanaman yang dikumpulkan dapat hidup karena cocok dengan kondisi lingkungannya. Namun tidak hanya tanaman pengobatan saja, namun disini juga terdapat pengobatan acupressure –pengobatan akupuntur dengan cara dipijat- dan pelatihan penyembuhan  penyakit HIV/ AIDS.

Terlepas dari segala keindahan dan manfaat yang ditawarkan Sringganis, taman ini bisa menjadi alternatif bagi banyak warga Jakarta yang doyan ke daerah Puncak dan sekitarnya.

Lokasi:

Kamp. Cimanengah RT 002/05 No. 29, Cipaku. Bogor Selatan.

Tel: (0251) 370692.



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28 Aug 2009

Singgih of Magno Wooden Radio offers a New Urbanism

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Singgih Susilo Kartono among the trees surrounding Magno wooden radio workshop (August 23, 2009@Marco Kusumawijaya)

Singgih Susilo Kartono, the maker of Magno wooden radios, thinks we should grow together with our resources. He wants to prove it in his village, Kandangan, in Temanggung, only 8 km from the house where Police thinks Noordin Top hid.  Will it materialise sustainably or become a bursting utopia? Only more elaboration and testing-out will answer that question. We discussed this issue while enjoying fresh air in his workshop on August 23, 2009.

He envisions his village to develop sustainably with production, consumption and resources growing together in the same locale. He wants to literally grow resources for his factory. He has already started growing seeds of sonokeling, mahoni, and other hardwood that he uses for his products, the famous awards winning Magno wooden radios, toys and stationery. He distributes the seeds for free to his neighbours to plant them on their own lands. One slide of his powerful powerpoint presentation shows how more trees emerge and grow bigger as his production grows as well.

With demand for his products growing (creating a current backlog of one month), it is very likely that he will have to expand his production facilities soon, although he does not wish to hurry on that. His neighbours will also enjoy the desentralised distribution of benefits soon. If things go well in the next couple of years, the village vill soon experience a densification process, having new wealth that willl materialise in the “rural” space

Singgih’s vision of production based on local resources, and a fair distribution of wealth in the locale, revives our imagination of “garden city” and other utopias in the history of urbanism. Resources and production are closely linked with relationships clearly tangible and within sight. It would certainly means very low ecological footprint. Fortunately, his “inputs” of the electrical parts in his radios also come from nearby factories in Semarang, two hours by car from Kandangan, Singgih’s base.

His products are sold so far mostly to consumers abroad. MOMA in New York just started to sell them in their stylish museum shop. Can we assume that the value he added to the woods justifies the emission of CO2 of transporting them?

Need for a plan

In anticipation of the spectre of  “growth” that is lurking from behind both the demand for his products, and the needs of the village, Singgih is already thinking of  creating a “masterplan” to guide the village development into the future. A serious mapping of available assets (natural and man made) is needed. A vision of how a future growth wil also grow and nurture (instead of deplete) the assets will be an intriquing exercise of intellect, creativity and technical skills of many disciplines.

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24 Jul 2009

Lima RW Hijau di Jakarta.

Lima RW dan satu kelurahan di Jakarta memanfaatkan lahan pekarangan rumah-rumah warga untuk mengolah sampah menjadi kompos, yang kemudian dimanfaatkan sebagai pupuk untuk memperbanyak tanaman. Mereka juga melakukan kegiatan-kegiatan terkait peningkatan ketahanan pangan dan kebersihan lingkungan serta pemanfaatan teknologi tepat guna.

Lihat editorial sebelumnya: http://rujak.org/2009/06/a-week-full-of-hope-disappointment-next/ (more…)

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09 Jul 2009

Stren Kali, Surabaya: Contoh untuk Jakarta

Oleh Yuli Kusworo.

Pemerintah tidak pernah punya alternatif yang masuk akal. Karena itu, inisiatif masyarakat adalah satu-satunya solusi . Di Surabaya ada suatu inisiatif pendekatan permukiman lestari oleh masyarakat yang dapat dicontoh Jakarta.

Kampung hijau dengan pupuk organik hasil kompos

Kampung hijau dengan pupuk organik hasil kompos

Paguyuban Warga Stren Kali Surabaya (PWSKS) melawan ‘cap buruk’ yang selama ini ditujukan kepada mereka. Pada tahun 2002, berbekal semangat gotong royong dan kekuatan kebersamaan, warga mulai mengorganisasikan kampungnya, memperbaiki kualitas lingkungan kampungnya, melalui kearifan mereka sendiri, dan mengkampanyekannya ke media lokal dan nasional bahwa PWSKS adalah warga Kota yang baik dan peduli. Memang bukan pekerjaan mudah seperti menghapus  kesalahan tulis pada selembar kertas.

Melalui kelompok tabungan perempuan di masing-masing kampung, warga sepakat memilah sampah. Sampah plastik dan kertas dipilah dan dikumpulkan tiap hari Minggu. Sampah ditimbang dan dijual kepada pengumpul di sekitar kampung. Uang yang didapat dikumpulkan pada kelompok tabungan dan dijadikan dana cadangan renovasi kampung.

Kegiatan ini secara bergelombang menyebar ke seluruh kampung-kampung anggota PWSKS. Bahkan tak sedikit warga yang memungut sampah plastik yang mengapung di sungai dan mengumpulkannya melalui ibu-ibu. Ibu Kartika, warga Gunungsari mengatakan, ”Meskipun dana yang kami dapat dari penjualan sampah kertas dan plastik ini tidak besar, namun kami menjaga semangat yang sudah tumbuh agar tetap besar. Hanya dengan cara inilah pemerintah akan melihat, bahwa kami juga bisa berbuat untuk Kota Surabaya”.

Sampah organis yang berasal dari masing-masing rumah dicacah dan dimasukkan dalan sebuah keranjang ”ajaib” yang disebut Keranjang Takakura, dari nama pemciptanya, Prof. Takakura dari Jepang. Keranjang Takakura adalah salah satu cara pengomposan paling sederhana yang dilakukan pada lingkungan terkecil, yaitu rumah-tangga. Dengan paradigma baru ”memilah dan mengolah sendiri”, masing-masing rumah dan anggota keluarga akan sadar bahwa sampah bukan masalah.

Setiap 4-5 bulan sekali dilakukan panen bersama kompos, hasil dari Keranjang Takakura.

Sebagian hasilnya ditawarkan kepada Pemerintah Kota, yang saat ini sedang menggalakkan penghijauan kota. Sebagian lainnya digunakan untuk memupuk tanaman obat-obatan (TOGA, Tanaman Obat Keluarga) yang ditanam di lahan sempit di tepi jalan kampung masing-masing.

Akhirnya ’Sunan’ Jogokali bisa membuka mata para Anggota DPRD Propinsi Jawa Timur yang tergabung dalam Panitia Khusus (Pansus) Peraturan Daerah (Perda) Penataan Permukiman Stren Kali Surabaya. Pada 7 Oktober 2007, DPRD Propinsi Jawa Timur mengesahkan sebuah peraturan yang sangat partisipatif dan pro rakyat, yaitu Perda Nomor 9 Tahun 2007 tentang Penataan Permukiman Stren Kali Surabaya, yang intisarinya adalah warga diperbolehkan tetap tinggal di Permukiman Terbatas di Stren Kali, dengan melakukan penataan kampung.

Yuli Kusworo adalah Arsitek untuk Urban Poor Consortium (UPC) dan Paguyuban Warga Stren Kali Surabaya

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27 Jun 2009

Adakah 32 tanaman konsumsi di halaman anda?

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Ibu Riyanti Pradigdo (Photo by Marco Kusumawijaya)

Lebih dari 32 jenis tanaman konsumsi –buah, sayur, dan obat—dipelihara secara organik oleh Ibu Riyanti Pradigdo di halaman belakang rumahnya.

Salah satu sayuran yang selalu tersedia untuk sarapan adalah Sambung Nyawa (gynura procumben) yang dikabarkan berkhasiat untuk memnyembuhkan diabetes, kolestrol, kanker, stroke, menapause, endometriosis, depresi, ayan, sinusitis, serta menghaluskan kulit dan memberikan awet muda. Di makan mentah, Daun Dewa atau Sambung Nyawa berasa manis dan sedikit bergetah seperti daun jambu biji (klutuk).

Selain itu, di halaman yang tertata apik menghadap lapangan golf tersebut terdapat buah-buahan mangga Harum-manis, mangga Indramayu, mangga Kweni, jeruk Bali, jambu Bol, Durian, belimbing Wulu dan belimbing biasa, pisang Susu dan pisang Raja Sereh, buah Tin, kelapa, dan jambu Biji atau Klutuk.

Untuk golongan sayur-mayur terdapat: cabe Rawit, labu, kacang tanah, selada Pengantin, sawi Caisim dan sawi Pokcai, daun bawang, terong, bayam, kangkung, dan pandan, dan cincau hijau.

Dalam golongan tanaman obat terdapat jahe, kumis kucing, cocor bebek, ginseng putih dan ginseng hijau, kemangi, lidah buaya, dan lidah mertua.

Semua pupuk diperoleh dari proses kompos terbuka, dengan menumpukkan sampah kebun ke dalam beberapa lubang se dalam satu meter dan diameter satu meter pula, secara bergantian, tanpa bahan tambahan pemercepat.

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Ibu Riyanti Pradigdo memanen cabe rawit organik di halaman rumah sendiri (Photo by Marco Kusumawijaya)

Tanaman langka yang terdapat di kebun Ibu Riyanti ini antara lai adalah pohon Jenggot Musa, yang disebut demikian karena pada pokok dan cabang pohon nya keluar semacam “jenggot” berwarna putih kelabu.

Umumnya halaman rumah di Jakarta, atau di kota mana pun, tidaklah sebesar halaman rumah Ibu Riyanti Pradigdo. Bagaimana tips bercocok tanam di tempat tinggal perkotaan yang umumnya sempit? Kami mengundang pembaca budiman berbagi pengalaman dan pengetahuan. Juga, tentang topik lebih luas seperti Pertanian Kota (Urban Agriculture) dan Pertanian Organik (Organic Farming).

Oleh: Marco Kusumawijaya

 

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